Aging and emotional memory Edit The enhancing effects of emotional arousal on later memory recall tend to be maintained among older adults and the amygdala shows relatively less decline than many other brain regions .
Third, distress occurs not only from the consequences of possessing a stigma but also from the fears that the stigma will be discovered and punished. For example, many individuals The cognitive consequences of concealing feelings doubt that they can convey a desired impression of themselves and therefore expect negative evaluation in a particular situation.
Thus, if a person gives more thought to central details in an arousing event, memory for such information is likely to be enhanced. Reattributing distress to the difficulties associated with hiding a key attribute of oneself may enable some individuals with a concealable stigma to see that they are not flawed or otherwise deficient.
Emotion and elaboration[ edit ] The processes involved in this enhancement may be distinct from those mediating the enhanced memory for arousing items. This suggests that when people with a concealable stigma receive positive feedback about their stigma, they are more motivated to bring their hidden selves in line with their presented selves.
Children who fail to properly self-regulate grow as teenagers with more emerging problems. Emotional memories may include increased emotional details often with the trade-off of excluding background information. Memory formed through autobiographical elaboration is enhanced as compared to items processed for meaning, but not in relation to the self  .
Several related studies have reached similar results. This effect has been demonstrated for explicit retrieval  as well as implicit retrieval. Between the two assessment periods, the views of many supporters changed dramatically as Perot re-entered the race in October and received nearly a fifth of the popular vote.
Trade-off between details[ edit ] Kensinger  argues there are two trade-offs: A recent study  found heightened self- monitoring efforts among suppressors relative to control participants. Individuals with a visible stigma are probably less concerned about disclosing a secret and more concerned that their obvious stigma is interfering with a given interaction.
Negative self-evaluation may itself lead to cognitive, affective, and behavioral difficulties in encountered situations e. The concept of emotional memory and sleep can be applied to real-life situations e.
Whereas individuals with a visible stigma may see themselves negatively for possessing a stigma, individuals with a concealable stigma may see themselves negatively not only for possessing the stigma but also for keeping it hidden.
Between the two assessment periods, the views of many supporters changed dramatically as Perot re-entered the race in October and received nearly a fifth of the popular vote. Unlike other situations, in which physical expression and its regulation serve a social purpose i.
The participants were assigned to either an expressive suppression group where they were asked to refrain from showing emotion while watching the slides or to a control group where they were not given regulatory instructions at all.
This might be due to failing health, reaching the end of their lives and the death of friends and relatives.
For example, although people with either type of stigma may attempt to manage the impressions they convey, individuals with a visible stigma are not likely to be concerned with giving off the impression that they are stigmatized, because this is an obvious fact in nearly all of their social interactions.
This raises an interesting question and a possible methodological weakness: However, additional research is needed to confirm whether self-monitoring actually exerts a causal effect on memory  Emotion-induced forgetting Edit Emotionally arousing stimuli can lead to retrograde amnesia for preceding events and anterograde amnesia for subsequent events.
The idea behind this is that as people get older, they learn that the purpose of outward expression to appeal to other peopleis not necessary in situations in which there is no one to appeal to.
The impact of this fear of discovery on behaviors such as avoidance is unique to concealing a stigma i. According to the post stimulus elaboration PSE hypothesis an arousing emotional experience may cause more effort to be invested in elaboration of the experience, which would subsequently be processed at a deeper level than a neutral experience.Emotion Regulation in Romantic Relationships: The Cognitive Consequences of Concealing Feelings Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Social and Personal Relationships 20(5) · October.
Richard and Gross By: Starr McClinton and Micah-Jude Coburn Sources Richards, Jane M. "The Cognitive Consequences of Concealing Feelings." The Cognitive Consequences of Concealing Feelings.
Little is known, however, about whether emotion regulation also has cognitive consequences. A process model of emotion suggests that expressive suppression should reduce memory for emotional. The Cognitive Consequences of Concealing Feelings.
Jane M. Richards. Current Directions in Psychological Science 4, Download Citation. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice.
Simply select your manager software from the list below and click. The Cognitive Consequences of Concealing Feelings Jane M. Richards University of Texas at Austin ABSTRACT—When emotions arise, we are not powerless to over- come them: Adults actively regulate the extent to which their.
Emotion regulation in romantic relationships: The cognitive consequences of concealing feelings. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 20, – PDF ↑ Richards JM, () The Cognitive Consequences of Concealing Feelings. Current Directions in Psychological Science, Volume 13—Number 4,Download