Encyclopedia Britannica Company, Publication Information The year of publication is listed after the publisher or journal name.
Subheadings can be distinguished by font-size. Penguin Press,— In either case, a superscript number corresponding to a note with the bibliographic information for that source should be placed in the text following the end of the sentence or clause in which the source is referenced. CMOS recommends you devise your own format but use consistency as your guide.
Use start and end pages, if provided e. The entries are the same as those used in the notes. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. Ensure that each level of hierarchy is clear and consistent. As The Chicago Manual of Style is primarily intended as a style guide for published works rather than for class papers, where necessary, CMOS guidelines will be supplemented with information from the student reference, Kate L.
Princeton University Press, Jackson National Life Insurance Co. The other documentation style, the Author-Date System, is nearly identical in content but slightly different in form and is preferred in the social sciences. Each note corresponds to a raised superscript number in the text.
In Flowers of Freedom: Born to Be Hurt: Otherwise, take a minimalist approach to capitalization. It should include all sources cited within the work and may sometimes include other relevant sources that were not cited but provide further reading.
Last name, First name of Author. Madison, WI, April 20, Last modified May 9, If no author or editor is listed, the title or, as a last resort, a descriptive phrase may be used. When a source is used in a research paper, a roman numeral is placed at the end of the borrowed information as superscript it is smaller than the normal line of text and raised.
The Secret to a Bigger Life.
No DOI or stable or permanent link, use the database name: Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. Place commentary after source documentation when a footnote contains both; separate commentary and documentation by a period.
Introduction to Notes In the NB system, you should include a note endnote or footnote each time you use a source, whether through a direct quote, paraphrase, or summary.
Though useful, a bibliography is not required in works that provide full bibliographic information in the notes. These resources follow the seventeenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in Follow the links at the top of this page to see examples of some of the more common source types cited in both systems.
Milwaukee Repertory Theater, Milwaukee, April These examples demonstrate how to compose a bibliographic reference for encylopedia entries that are known to be written by a specific author and for entries by no known author.
Punctuation In a bibliography, all major elements are separated by periods. Sample bibliography A sample bibliography follows.The Chicago Manual of Style, currently in its 16th edition, was created to help researchers properly cite their sources.
There are two types of referencing styles in Chicago: 1). Notes and Bibliography and 2). Source citations in the Turabian manual come in two varieties: (1) notes and bibliography (or simply notes) and (2) author-date.
These two systems are also sometimes referred to as Chicago-style citations, because they are the same as the ones presented in The Chicago Manual of Style.
If you already know which system to use, follow one of the links above to see sample citations for a variety. The Chicago Manual of Style suggests that well-known encyclopedias should be cited in notes rather than in bibliographies.
These examples demonstrate how to compose a bibliographic reference for encylopedia entries that are known to be written by a specific author and for entries by no known author. Chicago-style source citations come in two varieties: (1) notes and bibliography and (2) author-date. If you already know which system to use, follow one of the links above to see sample citations for a variety of common sources.
Footnotes go at the bottom of the page where the reference occurs; endnotes go on a separate page after the body of the paper.
Both use the same formatting guidelines. Within the essay text: put the note number at the end of the sentence where the reference occurs, even if the cited material is mentioned at the beginning of the sentence.
Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles. Now supports 7th edition of MLA.Download